DHA synthase Enzyme(s)
DHA is naturally produced by the algae species that FPN grows. Enzymes contained in the algae make this happen by converting the sugar and smaller molecule into DHA. Enzyme is catalytic protein that makes reaction to occur. Variety of DHA synthase enzyme and enzymatic pathway exists, but they are not well known
Dinoflagellates (a type of micro algae that includes C. cohnii) have large DNA chains; larger (longer) than that of humans. C.cohnii is ubiquitous in wold oceans. There are several known species of algae that have high concentrations of DHA, and those are the species that have DNA that produce DHA synthase enzymes. Humans do not have the DNA sequence for such enzyme production. However, it is known that human adults acquire the ability to produce small amounts of DHA internally. The only way for this to happen is to acquire the DHA synthase enzyme through our food chain ecosystem. It is known that Pacific aqua-cultured salmon that were not fed wild caught fish based diets did not contain any DHA in their fat tissues. While Atlantic salmon that were fed wild caught fish meal and fish meal oil diets did have DHA in their fatty tissues. Likewise, cows do not produce DHA laden milk, again because they lack the specific enzyme to produce it and their feed diet is not supplemented with DHA.
The above mentioned algae species naturally possess the DHA synthase enzyme. SmartZYME™, the C.cohnii un-fattened cyst cell biomass is among this group. Other producers of DHA Omega 3 oils, have neglected this focus, and instead produce extracted end products (oil). To accomplish this they use high temperature drying and chemical extraction processing methods so that the enzymatic protein is denatured and become non-functional. Our SmartZYME™ paste does not endure any high temperature processing, nor will SmartZYME™ powder, which will be dried using low temperature equipment so as to keep the DHA synthase enzyme active and intact.
FPN does not use high temperatures, nor dangerous organic solvents to extract and purify our DHA products. We produce clean protein with active enzymes still intact to make essential vital sustainable nutrients available to you.